This holiday is celebrated from December 26th through January 1st.

Kwanzaa is an annual celebration of African-American culture held from December 26 to January 1, culminating in gift-giving and a feast of faith , called Karamu Ya Imani. Kwanzaa is celebrated from December 26 to January 1. What’s in store for students after graduation? Each of the days of the celebration is dedicated to one of the seven principles of Kwanzaa: unity (umoja), self-determination (kujichagulia), collective responsibility (ujima), cooperative economics (ujamaa), purpose (nia), creativity (kuumba), and faith (imani). In 1997, Kwanzaa was officially given a presidential declaration by Bill Clinton in addition to more significant popularity following the issue of the first Kwanzaa stamps by Synthia Saint James to the US Post Office. [18], Kwanzaa celebrates what its founder called the seven principles of Kwanzaa, or Nguzo Saba (originally Nguzu Saba – the seven principles of African Heritage).

Kwanzaa is celebrated from December 26th to January 1st. [8] For Karenga, a major figure in the Black Power movement of the 1960s and 1970s, the creation of such holidays also underscored the essential premise that "you must have a cultural revolution before the violent revolution. Imani (Faith)- To believe with all our hearts in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders, and the righteousness and victory of our struggle. [40][41][42] According to University of Minnesota Professor Keith Mayes,[43] the popularity within the U.S. has "leveled off" as the black power movement there has declined, and as of 2009 between 500 thousand and two million Americans celebrated Kwanzaa, or between one and five percent of African Americans. Celebrities like Oprah, Angelina Jolie, and Chuck D celebrate Kwanzaa every year. Here are the seven things to know about Kwanzaa and why it’s celebrated: 1. Before learning about the holiday, the only time I'd see Kwanzaa celebrated was on TV. 119, 1995, p. 68+.

Academic Questions 32, no. Celebration of Kwanzaa started as an explicitly African-American observance in the same spirit as Juneteenth (the American Freedom Day or Independence Day). 5. These seven principles comprise Kawaida, a Swahili word meaning "common". 6. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. But as Kwanzaa gained more mainstream following, Karenga altered his views. Zawadi (gifts) on the last day of Kwanzaa, January 1st. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is traditionally expected to allow children to participate in the celebrations and give shukrani (thanks) to descendants through pouring libations. The celebrations are accompanied by greetings such as joyous Kwanzaa or Habari gani? The popularity of Kwanzaa has, however, declined among blacks in the U.S. Kwanzaa is a holiday celebrated by African-Americans, which celebrates family, community, and culture. You don't have to be black to understand or appreciate the history behind Kwanzaa. eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'blackexcellence_com-box-4','ezslot_3',114,'0','0'])); The Black Excellence Team is here to deliver to you the best in black culture, lifestyle, travel, and more! This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 18:13. The holiday was created to provide an opportunity for African-Americans to reconnect with their rich African culture and historical legacy, through the unification of reflection and education of African customs and the seven values of African heritage (also known as Nguzo Saba). banquet of food often cuisine from various African countries. Kwanzaa (/ˈkwɑːn.zə/) is an annual celebration of African-American culture which is held from December 26 to January 1, culminating in gift-giving and a feast of faith[1], called Karamu Ya Imani. In 1997, the first US postage stamp commemorating Kwanzaa was issued. Celebration of Kwanzaa started as an explicitly African-American observance in the same spirit as Juneteenth (the American Freedom Day or Independence Day). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Both the name and the celebration were devised in 1966 by Maulana Karenga, a professor of Africana studies at California State University in Long Beach and an important figure in Afrocentrism. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

7. Initially, Karenga wanted Kuanzaa to replace Christmas, a holiday from a religion he believed was a white religion that black people should shun. When is Kwanzaa celebrated across the world? Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in the United States, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. [46], Stjepan Meštrović, a sociology professor at the Texas A&M University, sees Kwanzaa as an example of postmodernism. Libations are shared, generally with a common chalice, Kikombe cha Umoja, passed around to all celebrants. The seven principles (nguzo saba) of Kwanzaa utilize Kiswahili words: Both Africans and non-Africans celebrate this festival today. "how are you/ how's the news with you?" [44], Starting in the 1990s, the holiday became increasingly commercialized, with the first Hallmark Card being sold in 1992,[45] and there has been concern about this damaging the holiday's values. Your email address will not be published. This celebration is not a festival originating in any Angeles, CA 90043. It's celebrated from December 26 through January 1, with each of the seven days focusing on one of seven core values, or Nguzo Saba.A candle is lit on each day, and on the last day, gifts are exchanged. signifies children and the hope associated in the younger generation. Ujima (collective work and responsibility): To create and uphold our community in unity and share problems and solve them together. Kwanzaa is a celebration that has its roots in the black nationalist movement of the 1960s and was established as a means to help African Americans reconnect with their African cultural and historical heritage by uniting in meditation and study of African traditions and Nguzo Saba, the “seven principles of African Heritage” which Karenga said “is a communitarian African philosophy”. Karenga’s inspiration stemmed from the First Fruits Festival celebrated in Southern Africa between December and January, and an account on the Zulu festival referred to as Umkhosi Wokweshwama. Kwanzaa is celebrated by more than 20 million people around the world. Each of the seven days focuses on the Nguzo Saba or the seven principles. commercialism of Christmas. Kwanzaa is celebrated from Saturday, December 26, 2020 to Friday, January 1, 2021. Dr. Maulana Karenga introduced the festival in 1966 to the United States This year marks the historic 50th anniversary of the holiday known as Kwanzaa. Kwanzaa grew in popularity with the rise of the Afrocentrist movement, which focused on Black self-sufficiency in rejection of white imperialist narratives and histories. Ujima (Collective Work and Responsibility)- To build and maintain our community together and make our brothers’ and sisters’ problems our problems and to solve them together.

Each of these seven days’ honours particular principles which are thought to have been fundamental in promoting strong, productive communities and families in Africa. The name Kwanzaa is derived from the phrase “matunda ya kwanza” which means “first fruits” in Swahili. signify the principles. They were developed in 1965, a year before Kwanzaa itself. [28][29] The greeting for each day of Kwanzaa is Habari Gani? A children's book about KWANSA by Deborah Newton In Clyde Halisi, James Mtume. Thanks By ali dee (Dec, 2019) | Reply, © Edarabia.com - All Rights Reserved 2020    | (federal) = federal holidays, (abbreviation) = state/territorial holidays, (religious) = religious holidays, (cultural) = holiday related to a specific racial/ethnic group or sexual minority, (week) = week-long holidays, (month) = month-long holidays, (36) = Title 36 Observances and Ceremonies Although Kwanzaa is primarily an African American holiday, it has also come to be celebrated outside the United States, particularly in Caribbean and other countries where there are large numbers of descendants of Africans. Which translates to “how are you”? Umoja (Unity)- To strive for and to maintain unity in the family, community, nation, and race.

The symbols of Kwanzaa includes crops (mzao) which represents the in Ghana and Nigeria.

Both the name and the celebration were devised in 1966 by Maulana Karenga, a professor of Africana studies at California State University in Long Beach and an important figure in Afrocentrism. 1. Most popular ‘Top Lists’ from Blackexcellence.com, Say Their Name: The Newest Podcast to Listen To, Michelle Jones: The Incredible Story of Rehabilitation. 26 December to 1 January. Karenga’s original concept was to provide African-Americans with a time to focus on the cultural heritage and values of Africa and to provide an alternative to Christmas. Each day of Kwanzaa is tied to one of the holiday’s seven principles: unity (umoja), self-determination (kujichagulia), collective responsibility (ujima), cooperative economics (ujamaa), purpose (nia), creativity (kuumba), and faith (imani). The unity cup (Kkimbe cha Umoja) is used to pour libations to the Department of Education grant. There are seven principles of Kwanzaa, originally Nguzu Saba- the seven principles of African Heritage. Flag of Myanmar – Colors, Meaning, History , Flag of Yemen - Colors, Meaning, History , Flag of Russia – Colors, Meaning, History . The word Kwanzaa is derived from the Swahili phrase Matunda ya kwanza, meaning “first fruits of the harvest.” It is modeled after the first harvest celebration in Africa. Generally, Kwanzaa celebrations date back to Black Nationalist Movements of the 1960s. Although its seven-pronged kinara bears a resemblance to the eight-pronged Jewish menorah, it has no connection to Judaism. What is Kwanzaa? He believed Jesus was psychotic and Christianity was a "White" religion that Black people should shun. Celebrations for this festival in all countries begin on December 26th and end on January 1st. Karenga chose Swahili, an East African dialect because it symbolized the prominence of Pan-Africanism during the 1960s. Imani (Faith): To believe in our people, our parents, our teachers, our leaders, and the morality and success of our struggle. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A family begins the Kwanzaa celebration by lighting a candle symbolizing, African Americans, one of the largest of the many ethnic groups in the United States. Maulana Ndabezitha Karenga, a professor and a major figure in the Black Power movement in the 1960s and ’70s, created Kwanzaa in 1966 as the first pan-African holiday. The Nguzo Saba principles were developed in 1965, one year before the establishment of Kwanzaa, and consist of what according to Karenga “are the greatest African thoughts and practices with the constant change in the world.” The seven principles include: During Kwanzaa celebrations, families beautify their households with colourful artifacts, African cloth such as kente and fresh fruits that symbolize African idealism. Ujamaa (Cooperative Economics)- To build and maintain our own stores, shops, and other businesses and to profit from them together. Flag of Peru – Colors, Meaning, History , Flag of Iran – Colors, Meaning, History . Kwanzaa is a seven-day festival celebrated in appreciation of African and African-American history, heritage and culture. Nia (purpose): To make it a communal urge to build and develop our community to return our people to their rich cultures and heritage. 3. kindergarten through college. Some of us have been asked by our non black friends if we celebrate it as a joke.